October 6, 2003
Last modified October 6, 2003 - 12:18 am
Amnesty: Afghan women still abused
KABUL, Afghanistan - The plight of many Afghan women has barely improved in the two years since the ouster of the Taliban regime, with forced marriages, rapes and domestic violence still occurring frequently, Amnesty International said.
In a report to be released today, the London-based human rights group accused the international community of failing to do enough in this wartorn country, where most women are still cloistered at home and wear body-shrouding burkas in public.
The ultra-conservative Taliban regime, which was toppled by a U.S.-led invasion in 2001, had banned women from working and girls from getting an education. The Afghan government has since lifted those restrictions, but in rural areas where it has little authority many women still cannot work and girls still cannot attend school.
"Nearly two years on, discrimination, violence, and insecurity remain rife, despite promises by world leaders, including President Bush and Secretary of State Colin Powell, that the war in Afghanistan would bring liberation for women," the report said.
It added: "The situation is unacceptable and calls for urgent action."
Titled "Afghanistan: No one listens to us and no one treats us as human beings. Justice denied to women," the report documents instances of widespread violence, forced marriage and rape.
In some cases, Amnesty said, girls as young as 8 are married to much older men.
In August, the group said that women were being discriminated against, with the system "failing to protect victims of rape, domestic violence and forced underage marriage."
"Girls and women are being prosecuted for engaging in consensual sexual activity - in some areas, the police randomly pick up girls and women and subject them to forced virginity tests," the group said then.
The latest report comes shortly before the release of a draft constitution, which the writers say will try to revolutionize the way women are treated in this devoutly Muslim country.
The document will ban forced marriages, bridal dowries and other forms of discrimination. It will guarantee women a political voice by reserving them seats in Parliament and will enshrine equal health care and education for all.
However, the government's ability to enforce the constitution is limited. President Hamid Karzai has little authority outside the capital, Kabul, where most areas are ruled by warlords with private militias.
Amnesty urged the international community to do more to integrate the protection of women's rights into the reconstruction of police, legal reforms, and the establishment of courts.
"Women's rights protections cannot be meaningfully established without the rule of law," the report said.
The group said women have little recourse to justice because of social barriers. Even when a woman is able to approach the police or the courts, she faces extreme discrimination.
"The current criminal justice system is simply unwilling or unable to address issues of violence against women," it said. "At the moment it is more likely to violate the rights of women than to protect and uphold their rights."
Amnesty called for an expansion into rural areas of the 5,500-strong NATO-led peacekeeping force, which only patrols Kabul, "to create an environment in which the rule of law can be established."
NATO leaders in Brussels are reviewing plans to deploy forces to other cities in Afghanistan but a final decision is yet to be made.
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